Key words and phrases: beauty practices, high heels, foot size, normalized pain, Yoko Tajima.
About Cindy Jackson
youtube.com/watch?v=C2F8CRMDcUw (first 2 min.)
Padded panties (for men)
Key words and phrases: beauty, Taiki Morohashi, subject-object position, self-objectification, public mirrors, femininity.
Key words and phrases: advertising, pornography, Vogue, Sheila Jeffreys, "Beauty and Misogyny: Harmful Cultural Practices in the West," Terry Richardson.
Ariel Levy, part 1
"Students who feel intense pressure to be sexually available 'on demand'. These students have grown up in a culture in which hypersexualized images of young women are commonplace and where hardcore porn is the major form of sex education for young men. They have been told over and over that in order to be valued in such a culture, they must look and act like sluts, while not being labeled slut because the label has dire consequences, including being blamed for rape [...].
"Women need to find ways to create their own authentic sexuality, outside of male-defined terms like slut. The recent TubeCrush phenomenon, where young women take pictures of men they find attractive on the London tube and post them to a website, illustrates how easily women copy dominant societal norms of sexual objectification rather than exploring something new and creative. And it's telling that while these pictures are themselves innocent and largely free of sexual innuendo, one can only imagine the sexually aggressive language that would accompany a site dedicated to secret photos of women."